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Wedding

Special Occasion Homilies

WEDDING
(Please select a suitable portion from the resources given below)

IF COUPLES ARE FROM THE SAME FAITH OR COMMUNITY

Appreciate you for finding a spouse from your own faith / community that would help to keep up your faith and favor your compatibility. It will also help to hand over the traditions and Catholic practices that you have received from your previous generations to the future generation. By this, you are also meeting the expectation of your parents and other family members.

BIBLICAL REFERENCES

Marriage of Isaac and Rebekah: “Abraham said to his senior servant, who was his steward, ‘Place your hand under my thigh and I will make you swear by the LORD, God of heaven and earth, that you will not choose a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites among whom I live; rather it is to my country and my kinsfolk that you will go to choose a wife for my son, Isaac.’” (Genesis 24:2-4).

Before the Israelites’ entry to Canaan, Moses advised: “You shall not intermarry with them, giving your daughters to their sons, or taking their daughters for your sons, because they would seduce your children to abandon me and adore other gods for which the anger of the LORD would blaze out against you, and he would quickly exterminate you.” (Deuteronomy 7:3-4).

A DIVINE INSTITUTION

God instituted marriage with Eve’s creation and handing her over to Adam. The bridal procession, where the father of the bride brings her to the groom, reminds us of God who brought Eve to Adam.

There is divine plan in every marriage. The first parents did not meet each other or marry themselves. God selected them as partners and blessed their marriage. Adam received Eve stating, “This is now bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh.” (Genesis 2:23). God took Eve out of Adam. Though they became two, they were one in spirit and moved as a team in their success and failure.

A single person cannot give birth to a child. The child needs the care of the father and the mother for a balanced and healthy upbringing. Hence, Mary received Joseph to care for Jesus. Both worked as a team in the Holy Family, facing challenges and taking care of the Infant Jesus.

Marriage is a characteristic not found among vegetative or animal life. Human life, especially in childhood and old age, is vulnerable and need help. Marriage and family care are part of God’s design.

A DIVINE PLAN

When we analyze Michelangelo’s famous painting of Adam’s creation at the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican, we notice that God is holding a woman and a child while He reaches out to the finger of Adam. The woman is looking at Adam and the child to the earth. The spiritual interpretation is that Eve was in God’s mind when He created Adam. God also had the incarnation of Jesus in His divine plan for salvation, just in case of any human failure. So also, even before the creation of this groom and bride, God had their wedding in mind.

THE DIVINITY OF MARRIAGE

The Biblical analogy of God’s relationship with his chosen people both in the Old and New Testament illustrate the sacredness and seriousness of the marriage relationship.

The Old Testament presents the relationship between God and Israel like the husband and wife (Jeremiah 3:14). God’s intention of the divine covenant with Israel was for the salvation of all the nations. “I will also make You a light of the nations, so that My salvation may reach to the end of the earth.” (Isaiah 49:6). The husband and wife work together for the spiritual and material wellbeing of their children that God entrusts them.

In the New Testament, the church is the bride of Jesus who made a new covenant (betrothal) with her at the Last Supper. Their spiritual wedding and banquet will take place at the second coming of Christ. St. Paul advises: “Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her.” (Ephesians 5:25-33).

MARRIAGE AS A COVENANT

Civil marriage is a contract bound by civil law, and the court can dissolve it by legal divorce. The Christian marriage is a covenant or perpetual vow that no one can dissolve. 

The civil marriage is between two people. Christian marriage is a covenant between the bride and the groom touching the gospel representing Jesus Christ. So, unlike non-Christian marriage, the Christian marriage involves three.

The couples in a secular marriage rely on human promise and abilities. Christian marriage relies also on the divine grace.

A contract is conditional, and the involved parties can break it if one party does not meet the conditions. Covenant is an unconditional commitment. Changes in life situations cannot dilute the marital commitment. Wedding pledge specifies: “to live in love and fidelity and with oneness of mind, in joy and sorrow, in wealth and want, in health and sickness, from this day, till the hour of our death.” (Syro-Malabar wedding pledge).

One signs a contract for his or her benefit. The covenant is an offer of oneself to the other for the mutual wellbeing. If the contract pledge is “I accept you for me” the covenant vow will be “I give myself to you.”

God does not tolerate idolatry and compared it to adultery. Both are serious offenses in front of God.

FROM THE STORY OF ADAM AND EVE

Adam was single only for a while. Then God made a partner for him from his rib, which shows that they are one.

God created Eve from Adam’s rib close to his heart. The wife should remain close to her husband in love.

Eve’s creation was to provide a suitable companion and a helper for Adam. “It is not good for the man to be alone; I will give him a suitable companion.” (Genesis 2:18).

God created humans, male and female, for procreation. “God said to them: Be fertile and multiply.” (Genesis 1:28).

Eve had heard the commandment of The LORD only from Adam: “You may indeed eat of every tree in the garden. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat, for on the day you eat of it, you are doomed to die.” (Genesis 2:16-17). When Eve violated this, Adam volunteered to die with her to keep up their unity.

FROM THE LIFE OF RUTH

Some couples use Ruth’s vow to Naomi for their wedding ceremonies. When Naomi, Ruth’s mother-in-law, said goodbye to her when she returned to Bethlehem, Ruth said: “Where you go, there I shall go, where you live, there I shall live. Your people will be my people and your God my God. Where you die, I will die, and there I will be buried. Let the LORD do so and so to me, and worse evils as well, if anything but death separates me from you.” (Ruth 1: 16-17). Ruth joined Naomi and later became the grandmother of King David. The bride can say the same to her groom.

FROM THE WEDDING AT CANA

The Biblical sense of wine is joy. When there was a shortage of wine at the wedding feast of Cana, people lost the joy. Sometimes, the unexpected loss of joy can happen in the family life that the family cannot fix itself. Blessed Mother of Jesus intervened with no one seeking her help. She knew that only her son could help at that critical moment. They needed the presence and the intervention of both Jesus and his mother to resolve the issue. If we have Jesus and his mother with us, they will help us in our family problems. The miracle would not have happened if either Jesus or his mother was absent at the wedding feast.

SHARING OF JOYS AND HARDSHIPS

The Jews have a custom of the couple drinking from the same cup of wine at the time of betrothal. Wine is symbolic of joys and sorrows. That was why when the sons of Zebedee approached Jesus for the favor of sitting at his right and left, Jesus asked them, “Are you able to drink the cup I am about to drink?” (Matthew 20:22). It involved the hardships of discipleship, followed by the glorious life in the heavenly kingdom. So also, when the groom offers the wine glass to the bride to share with him, he is inviting her to share in the joys and hardships of their family life. By accepting the cup of wine from the groom, the bride expresses her willingness to do so.

MARRIAGE AS A SACRAMENT

The church highlights the sacredness of marriage by considering it as one of the seven sacraments. “The sacraments are efficacious signs of grace, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, by which divine life is dispensed to us.” (CCC 1131).

“The matrimonial covenant, by which a man and a woman establish between themselves a partnership of the whole of life, is ordered toward the good of the spouses and the procreation and education of offspring; this covenant between baptized persons has been raised by Christ the Lord to the dignity of a sacrament.” (CCC 1601).

The bride and the groom are celebrants of the marriage.

BRAIN, HEART, AND LUNGS

Brain, heart, and lungs are the most important organs of a human body. If one of them stops functioning, the entire body dies within minutes. Husband (brain), wife (heart) and lungs (grace of God) should work in unison to keep up a healthy family. Brain communicates with the whole-body collecting data, processing it, deciding, and giving commands. Heart is the seat of love and purifies the blood and pumps it all over the body. The lungs replace carbon dioxide with oxygen from every cell of the body to stay alive and healthy. Brain, heart, and lungs work in harmony to sustain our healthy life. Brain and heart are not to fight one another on their prominence but are to complement each other. The grace of God helps to maintain spiritual health of the family by replacing negativity with a cheerful outlook.

UNION OF MARRIAGE

Conjoined twins can be an example of two persons living together by adjusting themselves for a comfortable living. Though the groom and bride are separate personalities, wedding unites them until their death.

STREAMS JOINING AS A RIVER

Marriage is like two streams joining to form one river. Wedding is their meeting point. Once joined, it is inseparable. They flow together until they separate by death to join the ocean of eternal life. For a Christian couple, marriage involves three streams. The third stream is the Grace of Jesus Christ who leads them to the eternal dwelling place with his Father.

MARRIAGE AS A TEAMWORK

A team works together without competition among themselves. So shall the couples work as a team.

A team has the unity of mind and a common goal. The couples form as one mind for a successful family for the wellbeing of themselves and their children.

A team will have a captain and all work in unison with the captain. The husband shall be the captain who decides in consultation with wife and children.

The success or failure of a team member leads to the achievement or downfall of the team. So shall be the ups or downs of a member to the family.

St. Luke wrote on the early Christian community: “The whole community of believers was one in heart and mind. No one claimed private ownership of any possessions, but rather they shared all things in common.” (Acts 4:32). A Christian family shall have the same spirit of this early Christian community.

FOR A SUCCESSFUL MARRIED LIFE

Your spouse should be your foremost friend. Usually, friends will have open communication than with others. There shall be nothing to hide from your spouse. That will avoid many potential issues in the married life.

It is normal to find incompatibility of spouses later in the married life. So, develop a positive approach to adjust to the incompatible spouse. Each party should forgive and ignore the weakness of the spouse. Respect the individuality and diversity of the family members. Resolve conflicts without delay. Wounds or breaking of bones takes time to heal, need patience, and sometimes need outside help. Follow the same in case of crisis in your married life.

Give importance to the inner beauty (behavior) than the external attraction (appearance). Both expect sexual fidelity from each other. “Marriage must be respected by all, and husband and wife must remain faithful to each other.” (Hebrews 13:4).

Jesus came not to be served, but to serve. So also, take initiative to serve the spouse than demand service from the other. So, your focus shall be what you can give to the life-partner rather than to receive from the spouse. You should have the willingness to sacrifice personal interests for the spouse, especially dreadful habits, or addictions.

The joy of family life is not just in wealth, health, or pleasant living conditions. Love is most important, which includes everything needed in the family life. “Love is patient, kind, without envy. It is not boastful or arrogant. It is not ill-mannered, nor does it seek its own interest. Love is not provoked to anger; keeps no score of offences. It does not take delight in wrong but rejoices in truth. Love excuses all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things. Love never ends.” (1 Corinthians 13:4-8a).

Agape love will make the family successful. There are four levels of love:
(1) Eros (air-ohs) which is romantic. The Song of Solomon expresses it.
(2) Storge (stor-jay) which is family love. Examples are Noah and his family, Jacob and his sons, Mary and Martha.
(3) Philia which is brotherly love. That is love of fellow humans and those in need.
(4) Agape which is divine or Christian love. It is unconditional and sacrificial. It includes love of enemies and those who persecute us as Jesus taught his disciples to follow. An example is the forgiveness Joseph extended in Egypt when his brothers who sold him to the merchants appeared before him. Practice of agape love by family members will avoid many issues in the family.